Angeles is a highly urbanised city and one of the most economically advanced urban centers in the country.
Located within the province of Pampanga, the city is bordered by Clark Freeport Zone and Mabalacat to the north, Mexico to the east, San Fernando to the southeast, Bacolor to the south and Porac to the southwest.
This landlocked city’s topography is mostly flat terrain with the Abacan River and tributaries along its core.
Climate Change Vulnerability
In a vulnerability assessment study of Pampanga in 2012, Angeles was found to be susceptible to several natural hazards, including typhoons, rain-induced landslides, and volcanic and seismic activity.
Due to its topography provided by the Abacan River and various creeks evenly distributed around the city, Angeles is less prone to flooding.
The city’s built areas, however, are fully paved; and the capacity of existing drainage and flood-water canals is no longer sufficient to accommodate peak flooding.
In September 2014, the Angeles City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office conducted a Barangay Hazard Mapping and Risk Assessment which identified 15 barangays located along the Abacan River as susceptible to flooding during rainy seasons.
The river and creeks in Angeles are susceptible to erosion and riverbank failure due to the absence of slope protection and river training works.
Climate & Urban Profile
|City Role In The Region/Province||Commercial, transportation hub, metropolitan|
|Local Chief Executive||Edgardo Pamintuan|
|Ecosystem Type||Landlocked, plain|
Population: 411,634 Population Density: 6,495.72 pp/sq. Km
Land Area: 63.37 sq. km.
No. of Barangays: 33
Income Classification: 1st IRA Dependency Rate: 41%
No. of Days w/ Rainfall >300 mm 2020:* 12 2050:** 12
No. of Dry Days 2020:* 5,701 2050:** 5,754
Projected Increase in Temperature (°C) 2020:* 1.1 2050:** 2.2
Seasonal Rainfall Change (%) 2020:* 4.4 2050:** 13.90
- * 2006-2035, with 2020 as midpoint ** 2036-2065, with 2050 as midpoint
Angeles is one of the densest cities in the region and is divided into 33 barangays.
Rapid economic development here is is in part due to the transformation of the former American Clark Air Base into a special economic zone in the 1990s.
The city’s mission stated in its Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Plan (2016-2019): “To provide and deliver effective, adequate, prompt and proper services to the people and capacitate the same to make them resilient to natural and social disturbances.”
Angeles’ vision, in view of its city mission: “A liveable city that is adaptive and resilient to climate change variability; a community of people that collaboratively working to transform threats of climate change into opportunities.”
The vision and mission in the Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Plan reflect Angeles’ ambitions to become a competitive, liveable, and sustainable city, which is put forward in its Comprehensive Land Use Plan 2010-2020.
As a regional urban center and transportation hub, Angeles nevertheless faces development constraints due to severe traffic congestion.
Key Climate Change Adaptation Policies, Initiatives, Frameworks and Strategies
Angeles developed the Climate Change Mitigation and Adaption Plan 2016-2019, which is aligned with the national Climate Change Act of 2009 and the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010.
In 2010, Angeles updated its Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP 2010-2020 CLUP), with the aim to effectively carry out and sustain the planned development of the city.
Identified climate change adaptation programmes, projects, and activities mentioned in the CLUP include multi-sectorial interventions in the areas of food security, water sufficiency, environmental stability, human security, climate-smart industries and services, sustainable energy, and knowledge and capacity development.
News & Updates
Five Cities to Pitch Urban Adaptation Projects at Investment Forum in October-November 2020 Articles
Tagum Learning Exchange Reveals Progress of Climate Projects through Peer-to-Peer Approach Articles
University Students Design for Resilience Articles
Resilience-building: Starts With Actionable Scales and As Many Voices As PossibleArticles
Climate-resilient urban planning and design, regardless of scale, is an iterative process and needs different disciplines to inform decisions and assertions.
Show and Tell in Iloilo CityArticles
Taking to the streets of Iloilo City catalyzes dialogue and peer assessment among local and national urban actors
Lessons on Climate-resilient Urban Design From Down UnderArticles
Learning exchange for Philippine representatives and BCRUPD project partners in Brisbane, Australia.
Events & Activities
Urban Planning and Urban Resilience pdf Share
Flood Safe and Attractive Cities – Arcadis pdf Share
Angeles Action Planning pdf Share
Addressing Climate Change in the Urban Systems
UN-Habitat presnetation, Angeles workshop, November 2017
Angeles LCCAP 2016-2019
Angeles City presentation of their existing Local Climate Change Action Plan
Angeles City Comprehensive Plans
Angeles City presentation on their Comprehensive Land Use Plan
1st Angeles BCRUPD Workshop – Presentation – Project Overview
Project Overview: Building Climate Resiliency through Urban Plans and Designs
Climate Resiliency in Urban Planning:
Institutional Support to Philippine National Government Agencies on Building
Capacities of LGUs to Develop Climate Resilient Urban Plans and Designs